PROPERTIES of the ELEMENTS
Alkali metals
Alkaline Earth Metals
Transition Metals
Other Metals
Metalloids
Non-Metals
Halogens
Noble Gases
soft
malleable
ductile
good conductors of heat
good conductors electricity
VERY REACTIVE
so not found as free elements only in compounds
REACT BY LOSING 1 ELECTRON
fairly hard
grey-white
good conductors of electricty
QUITE REACTIVE
so not found as free elements only compounds
all found in crust
REACT BY LOSING 2 ELECTRONS
hard
shiny
ductile
maleable
conduct heat
conduct electricity
react slowly
solid,
opaque
high density
good conductors of electricity
form colourful compounds
hardly react

not good conductors of heat or electricity
do not reflect light
brittle
not malleable
not ductile
either gas or solid at room temp
form salts
compounds containing halogens = salts
can be solid, liquid or gas at room temp

Lithium Sodium Potassium Rubidium Cesium Francium
Beryllium Magnesium Calcium Strontium Barium Radium
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium Chromium Manganese
Iron
Cobalt
Nickel Copper
Zinc
Yttrium
Zirconium
Platinum
Gold
Mercury
Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium
Hassium
Meitnerium Ununbium
Niobium
Iridium
Darmstadtium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium
Rhodium
Palladium
Silver
Cadmium
Hafnium
Tantalum
Tungsten
Rhenium
Osmium
Aluminium
Gallium Indium
Tin
Thallium Lead Bismuth
Boron Silicon Germanium Arsenic Antimony Tellurium Polonium
Hydrogen
Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Phosphorus Sulphur Selenium
Fluorine Chlorine Bromine
Iodine Astatine
Helium Neon Argon Krypton Xenon Radon
RARE EARTH METALS
LANTHANIDE elements
ACTINIDE elements
soft
malleable
shiny metals
high conductivity
mixed with other metals to make ALLOYS
often found together in nature & difficult to separate because all have similar properties
only first 4 found in nature
REST = Synthetic or man/made – created in nuclear reactors or particle accelerators e.g.CERN
Lanthanum
Cerium
Praseodymium
Neodymium
Promethium
Samarium
Europium
Gadolinium
Terbium
Dysprosium
Holmium
Erbium
Thulium
Ytterbium
Lutetium
Actinium
Thorium
Protactinium
Uranium
Neptunium
Plutonium
Americium
Curium
Berkelium
Californium
Einsteinium
Fermium
Mendelevium
Nobelium
Lawrencium
Sources:
Prentice Hall Science Explorer - Chemical Building Blocks, 2009, USA